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Download International Tourism: An Economic Perspective by François Vellas PDF

By François Vellas

It is a textual content for college students of foreign tourism at HND and undergraduate point. It appears to be like at a couple of elements of tourism: marketplace traits and forecasts, the industrial impression of tourism, the position of promoting and finance, businesses and regulations. overseas situations are used in the course of the textual content.

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International Tourism: An Economic Perspective

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Additional info for International Tourism: An Economic Perspective

Sample text

They are collected by immigration controls and by survey interviews. Random samples of visitors are surveyed at borders to gather precise tourism information on the country of origin and the country of residence of tourists, length of stay, reasons for travel, modes of transport and expenditure during the visit. The information collected by these surveys is also useful for associated areas. For instance, the additional data they supply contributes to estimating the share of tourism in the balance of payments and provides extra information on the different types of accommodation used by international tourists.

Each element of the product is competitively priced: accommodation, transport and leisure. For example, the cost of one week's car hire in high season from Budget Rent-a-Car in 1994 was US$138 in California, US$185 in Portugal, US$303 in Greece and US$390 in Israel. Thus, because of the favourable prices and the fact that since deregulation of the airline industry, the cost of air transport has substantially fallen on North American routes, European Community and Japanese tourists are arriving in the region in constantly increasing numbers.

For instance, it highlights the relative importance of intra-regional tourism in Europe, a consequence of the high concentration of international tourism in the region. Indeed, there are many country borders within a relatively small area and land communication (railway and road systems) is accessible and extensive. In contrast, the development of international tourism in other regions of the world such as Africa and South Asia is hampered by weak intraregional flows, not just because of the low purchasing power of their populations but also because of the slowness of land transport and because access is restricted by poor networks of usable roads.

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